A paper published several years ago suggested that tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) was superior to entecavir (ETV) for reducing the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Since then, many observational studies have been conducted comparing TDF and ETV. Many studies in Asia demonstrated similar HCC risks between ETV and TDF groups. Similarly, recent studies involving Caucasian and European did not observe any differences in HCC risk between these groups. In this article, we briefly review studies that compared the incidence rates of HCC between ETV and TDF and discuss potential reasons for the discrepant results.

(Lee, H. W. and Kim, S. U., – Hepatoma Research, March 2022)

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